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Sunshine ® Super Speciality Physiotherapy Clinic-

Sacralization and Physiotherapy management

Sacralization is a common irregularity of the spine, where the fifth vertebra is fused to the sacrum bone at the bottom of the spine. The 5th lumbar vertebra(L5) may fuse fully or partially on one side or on both sides. Sacralization is a congenital anomaly that develops in the embryo.

Sacralization mostly has no symptoms. It’s sometimes associated with low back pain with related problems of posture, and limited low back movement. It’s also called the lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV).

Causes of Sacralization

It occurs during embryonic development, when the vertebrae begin to ossify, in about the eighth week. There may be a genetic predisposition involved. There is not a proper statistic available that shows how many people have sacralization, mainly due to it being non-symptomatic. To diagnose this condition, imaging such as X-rays can help. You may not know you have this condition unless your doctor has other reason to X-ray of your back.

Symptoms of Sacralization

Mostly sacralization is non-symptomatic. If present following symptoms are seen:

low back pain Arthritis at the fusion site bursitis disc degeneration difficulties in movement limits to the range of motion posture control problems scoliosis leg pain, buttock pain

Diagnosis of Sacralization

Diagnosis based on the present history and clinical examination and confirmatory diagnosis done by x-ray, x-ray in lumbar flexion, and extension will be more beneficial to rule out.

MRI provides a high-resolution image of your lower back.

Treatment of Sacralization

Pain relief anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) muscle relaxants steroid injections Physiotherapy Treatment

Physiotherapy Treatment of Sacralization

Pain relieving modalities

SWD: short wave diathermy is a deep heating modality that uses heat to provide pain relief, it improves the blood supply to targeted muscles, and removal of waste products. IFT IFT: Interferential current therapy produces a low-frequency effect at targeted tissue, it inhibits transmission of pain impulses, stimulates the endogenous opioid system, increases blood supply, relieves oedema, and removes the waste products. TENS: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is an electrical modality that provides pain relief by providing pain modulation.TENS closes the gate mechanism at the anterior grey horn in the spinal cord. also stimulates the endogenous opioid system which prevents the release of substance p at the anterior grey horn.


Mobility Exercise of the low back will improve the mobility of the lower back


Lie on the back on the floor. Bend the knees, keeping both feet flat on the floor. Use both hands to pull one kn...

Low Back Pain

Sunshine ® Super Speciality Physiotherapy Clinic-

Low Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most common reasons people seek medical help or miss work. Back pain is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Fortunately, measures can help prevent or relieve most back pain episodes, especially for people younger than age 60. If prevention fails, simple home treatment and using the body correctly often will heal the back within a few weeks. Surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.


Back pain can range from a muscle aching to a shooting, burning or stabbing sensation. Also, the pain can radiate down a leg. Bending, twisting, lifting, standing or walking can make it worse.

#Sunshinephysioclinic #Physiotherapyclinic #physiotherapyclinicintambaram

Dr.M.P.Parthiban,MPT(Ortho)- Chief Orthopedic Physiotherapist

# 7, Thirumazhisai Street, Sundaram Colony, Tambaram East, CHENNAI- 600059, Tamil Nadu, Landmark: Near Sanatorium Railway Station, Website:, Email:

9345 122 177


Neck Pain and Treatment

Sunshine ® Super Speciality Physiotherapy Clinic-

Neck Pain

Neck pain or stiffness is usually from poor posture or overuse, or an awkward sleeping position. But sometimes, it can indicate a serious injury like whiplash or an illness, so a doctor’s care may be necessary.

The bones, ligaments, and muscles of your neck support your head and allow for motion. Any abnormalities, inflammation, or injury can cause neck pain or stiffness.If you have neck pain that continues for more than a week, is severe, or is accompanied by other symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

Neck pain symptoms. Neck pain symptoms can rangeTrusted Source in severity and duration. Oftentimes, neck pain is acute and lasts for only a couple of days or weeks. Other times, it may become chronic. Your neck pain may be mild and not interfere much with your activities or daily living, or it may be severe and cause disability.

Symptoms of neck pain may include:

Stiff neck. People with neck pain often describe feeling as though their neck is “stiff” or “stuck.” Neck pain can sometimes cause a decreased range of motion. Sharp pain. Neck pain may feel like sharp or “stabbing” pain that is localized to one area. Pain when moving. Neck pain is often exacerbated by moving, twisting, or extending your cervical spine, either from side to side or up and down. Radiating pain or numbness.

Your neck pain may radiate to your head, trunk, shoulder, and arms. If your neck pain involves the compression of a nerve, you may feel numbness, tingling, or weakness in either of your arms or hands. Neck pain that is from a pinched nerve may feel like a burning or sharp pain that starts at the neck and travels down the arm. Talk with a doctor if you experience this symptom.

Headache. Pain that starts in your neck may also produce a headache called a cervicogenic headache. Neck pain with a headache may also be a symptom of a migraine headache. Pain when palpated. Neck pain may increase if your cervical spine is palpated (physically examined).

Causes of neck pain.

Neck pain or stiffness can happen for a variety of reasons. Muscle tension and strain This is usually from activities and behaviors such as: poor posture working at a desk for too long without changing position sleeping with your neck in a bad position jerking your neck during exercise

#Sunshinephysioclinic #Physiotherapyclinic #physiotherapyclinicintambaram

Dr.M.P.Parthiban,MPT(Ortho)- Chief Orthopedic Physiotherapist

# 7, Thirumazhisai Street, Sundaram Colony, Tambaram East, CHENNAI- 600059, Tamil Nadu, Landmark: Near Sanatorium Railway Station, Website:, Email:

9345 122 177...